About Machupicchu

Machu Picchu (Quechua Machu pikchu redneck, “Old Mountain”) is the contemporary name given to an Incan Andean-llaqta -old town built in the middle of the fifteenth century in the rocky promontory that connects the mountains of Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu, in the eastern slope of the Central Cordillera, southern Peru. 2490 meters is the altitude at the main square. Its original name was Picchu or Piche.

According to documents from the mid-sixteenth century, Machu Picchu would have been one of the vacation homes of Pachacutec Inca ninth Tahuantisuyo between 1438 and 1470. However, some of its finest buildings seem to be of a ceremonial nature, evident from the main path llaqta, proving that this was used as a religious sanctuary . Two possible uses: a palace or a temple. Some experts seem to have ruled, however, an alleged military nature, so popular epithets of “fortress” or “citadel” could be descriptions.

Machu Picchu is considered both a masterpiece of architecture and esoterica. Its unique architectural and landscape features, and the veil of mystery that has woven around much of the literature published on the site, have made it one of the most popular tourist destinations on the planet.

Machu Picchu is on the List of World Heritage of UNESCO since 1983, as part of a cultural and ecological setting known under the name of Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu. On July 7, 2007 Machu Picchu was declared one of the new seven wonders of the modern world in a ceremony in Lisbon, Portugal, which was attended by a hundred million voters worldwide.


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